Wednesday, June 20, 2012

Week 7 - Reflection

Week 7 Reflection
Improvement does not happen overnight.  This pertains to both professions and other passions in life.  In my case, I am talking about my role as an educator.  When I first entered the teaching profession, I taught my classes like my teachers taught me.  In some cases, this was not all that bad, especially since I have modeled myself after some of the better teachers I was able to learn from.  However, I realized that I could not be those teachers.  I had to be myself and teach using the skills that I had acquired.  While I was able to assimilate some of the methods of my old teachers, I had to learn to reach students who grew up in a different environment than what I had.  Many students now have television sets in their rooms.  I did not.  Most students now have a computer in their room, or at least have one accessible in the house.  I did not until I was a sophomore in high school.  Almost all students have cell phones and communicate via text messages, Facebook. or email, which has a notification sent right to their phones.  I never had a cell phone until I was employeed full time, after I graduated college.  Today, students have a different mind set than that of students who grew up even ten years prior.  As educators, we must reach the studetns at a level they are able to accept and at a level they are willing to accept.  “My way or the highways” does not fly with students anymore.  Students will just tune these teachers out.  If we do not reach these students, we are doing them a disservice.  This was probably the biggest area of improvement that I needed when I started teaching.  Now, thirteen years later, I feel I have made significant progress. 
When I improved as an educator, I made a concerted effort to understand how to motivate students.  I set out a goal.  At the time, I did not realize I was using the GAME strategy we used in this class.  However, I used the strategy nonetheless.  I became self-directed learner (Cennamo, Ross & Ertmer, 2009).  I set a goal to better understand the students.  I took actions to ensure this happened.  Some of these were good.  Some were not so good.  I monitored my interactions with studetns to see what I was learning.  In the end, I evaluated the process.  While I did not call this process the GAME plan, I was surely using it. 
I have been doing the same thing throughout this course.  I focued on two goals.  They included increasing the amount of collaboration in my classroom and increasing the amount of formative assessment.  I had always used assessment to measure how much a students has learned/mastered.  There were two problems with that.  First, how a student performed on a test was not always indicative of how much he learned.  The other problem is that I was not using the assessments to enhance my teaching.  Today, in my summer school class, a student was adding and subtracting negative numbers efficiently.  This is an area where he has always struggled.  Today, he was doing well.  I gave him a few practice problems to work out for one reason.  I wanted to see if he truly understood the topic.  He got about 70% of the problems correct.  However, when I looked at the problems he got wrong, all of them were of the same type.  I proceeded to reteach that one type of problem for about 60 seconds.  I knew exactly where to target.  He then worked out those problem again and got them all correct.  I used the assessment to enhance my instruction.  This was the step I had been missing.  I am still looking for include more technology into both the collaboration and the assessment components of my lessons.  While we do have access to computers at times, we are not in a position to fully utilize the technology.  Hopefully, in 14 months, when we begin our one-to-one program, we will have the hardware available.  Until then, I have to make do with what I have.  When the technology becomes available, I want to make sure I am prepared.  I am not sure how the administration would view increasing the amount of technology in the classroom, but not being able to use it because I am not ready. 
Throughout this course, I have learned how to use various forms of technology.  The use of digital storytelling is one I likely will include quite a bit more.  I did not realize the value of students synthesizing their learning through the use of pictures, video, and animation.  The technology demands are not that great (almost everyone has a cell phone), but the benefits are tremendous.  I have already started to incorporate the social networking aspect using Edmodo.  There are a few other teachers in our school using Edmodo as well.  I have also learned to trust students to learn using problem-based learning.  While I have always encouraged higher-level thinking, I always had a good level of control over what and how students learn.  Through this course, I now realize that I can let students run wild with their creative ideas.  This will only help their mastery of the content, not hinder it.  I have always been fearful of turning over so much control to students.  I now see the many benefits of doing so.  Since many students will be better engaged, there should be fewer problems to address, even with giving up some control of the classroom through problem-based learning.
As with all of the courses taken at Walden, I have acquired quite a bit of information and skills, especially in the area of technology.  There is no way to improve on implementing these new skills than through experience.  The more we are able to use these skills in our classrooms, the more comfortable we will be.  However, as we begin our next class, I am not sure how much we will be able to continue to implement.  As we start our next course, there will be assignments using new techniques.  There will be little time to continue to implement the skills learned during this class or the previous seven classes.  Hopefully, the assignments in our next class will allow us to build on what we used in this class.  We were required to use wikis and blogs.  This was an excellent opportunity to revisit these skills.  Hopefully, we will be able to revisit problem-based learning, social networking, and digital storytelling in our next course.
Tim Trotta

Cennamo, K., Ross, J. & Ertmer, P. (2009). Technology integration for meaningful classroom
use: A standards-based approach. (Laureate Education, Inc., Custom ed.). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, Cengage Learning.

Saturday, June 16, 2012

Monitoring my GAME plan

For my GAME plan, I have focused on improving collaboration both in class and outside of class.  I have been able to increase the collaboration in two different ways.  First, in class, I have had students discuss problems and solutions more frequently.  I feel this has been helpful.  However, there is more work to do.  I have created my Edmodo page for my studetns moving into AP Physics for next year.  All of these students have joined the page, and have answered a quick survey course.  I feel it is important to mentally take a break from academics for a short period of time.  I did this with my club level softball teams as well as we play almost 12 months out of the year.  I feel it is necessary to take a short break.  Between the end of school and the beginning of new assignments, I will post updates on a regular basis.  Students know they are to check the Edmodo page regularly, say every couple days if not daily.  I can tell they have been checking the updated based on who is answering the simple poll questions.  Once I start assigning work, students will be able to use the forum for communication purposes.  They can ask each other questions and they can ask me as well.  This medium will help enhance the collaboration I am looking to achieve through technology.  I am hoping this will also carry over into next year’s class.  I want them to be comfortable with the environment so it will not cause any hindrances during the school year.  Also, for next year, I would like to introduce two more sections of classes to Edmodo.  As I progress, I am hoping all of my classes will use Edmodo.

The other focus of my GAME plan is to improve upon my formative assessments.  My AP Physics class will begin using WebAssign this summer.  Last year’s class used WebAssign, and it worked out great.  Students were able to see their results immediately and I was able to see a summary of which questions students performed well and which ones they did not.  For all of my classes, I would like to increase the types of labs and demonstrations used in my class.  I could include more problem based learning activities.  From week 4’s learning resources, there are a number of activated I could implement.  Some of them, I already do on a small scale.  However, there are so many possibilities that I have not even scratched the surface.  We do not have the number of computers in class yet to consistently use simulations, blogs, wikis, or interactive online practice sessions.  Currently, students would be responsible for this at home.  When we move to a one-to-one classroom in 15 months (hopefully), we will have many more opportunities to perform these tasks during class time.

From many of the classroom videos and discussions with classmates during this class, it appears many students have access to their own computer/laptop during school time.  In many schools, however, that is not the case.  I always remember someone telling me a few years ago that it is not the technology that drives the curriculum.  The standards are still the driving the force.  As teachers, wer are in a major transition time.  We still need to prepare our lessons as if we do not have the technology available.  However, we need to prepare for future years when the technology is available.  We do not want to be be caught off guard when the technology becomes available, but are not ready to use it because we are not prepared. 

Tim Trotta

Monday, May 28, 2012

Continuing my GAME plan

Last week, we developed our GAME plan for improving our confidence and proficiency in two standards.  Looking at my GAME plan, I have to find ways to increase student collaboration.  If I perform this task without the use of technology, there is no equipment that I need.  I just need to be disciplined enough to follow through on my plan.  If I do require students to participate in a blog, or other social media sites such as Edmodo, I will need students to be able to access these sites.  That means that students will need computer and internet access.  Participating at school would be helpful, but we are not ready for the one-to-one environment yet.  We would need to reserve the computer room.  However, that would mean I would teach every day in the computer room.  That, obviously, is not feasible as there are other teachers desiring to use the computer labs.  I think the better way to start out is having students collaborate in class without the use of technology.  Then, outside of class (for homework), students could participate in collaborating with other students using technology.  An issue potentially arises if a student does not have a computer at home, or internet access at home.  In my school, that usually is not a problem as most students can access the internet at home.  If there is a problem, these students have several options.  They can use the computer lab or library (which also contains computers) after school.  There are computers in my classroom that work, even though they are slow.  Other science labs have computers that work well.  Students also have access to the public library for free.  In addition, many local business make wifi available for customers.  If there are exceptional circumstances where the student still can not complete his work, he should see me to work out a solution to his situation.  I have been able to incorporate more discussion in each of my classes.  I think this collaboration has helped a great deal.  I have not been able to incorporate the increase in collaboration with technology.  However, during the week this week, I will lay out the Edmodo page for my AP Physics class for next year.  We’ll get a jump on that now instead of waiting for the school year to begin.

The other areas where I am seeking to improve is in the use of formative tests and how their results can improve my instruction.  The resource I will need more than anything else is time.  This will allow me to develop different assessments so students can have a greater opportunity to express to me their acquired knowledge.  With one week left before final exams, it becomes quite difficult to start something new.  I would like to develop (or find on the internet) some online quiz where students can input their answer to questions.  I would also like to become more fluent in screencasts.  When I had jury duty this past week, I made  3 screencasts for my students to watch.  The ones who actually watched the screencasts said they understood the material better.  The others still had questions about how to solve these questions. 

Tim Trotta

Sunday, May 20, 2012

My GAME Plan

My GAME plan

As I reflect upon the ISTE NETS for Teachers, I find myself struggling in multiple categories.  Two indicators that I need to work on in particular are 1c and 2d (International Society for Technology in Education, 2008).  Indicator 1c states that teachers should promote student collaboration when reflecting so as to ensure student understanding of the concepts.  This reflection should also ensure students’ abilities thinking, planning, and creative processes are at a satisfactory level.  Indicator 2d has to do with how students are assessed and how I, as a teacher, used the information collected through assessments to enhance learning in the classroom.

My Goals for improving my instruction to meet the ISTE NETS standards are twofold.  First, I would like there to be some collaboration during each one of my classes, each time we meet.  This could be done with or without technology.  Student collaboration will enhance their learning.  A second step to that goal would be for students to make a post to a blog or social media site such as Edmodo.  In this post, they will synthesize their understanding.  Students would have to reply to one post each day.  This could be done by having students select who they respond to, or I could use a random number generator to assign students.  My second goal would be to include some form of formative assessment each time I give a test.  I could make that a percentage of the test grade.  By doing this, I will be able to see the areas where students may be lacking in understanding.

After setting my goals, I will need to take Action.  For my first goal, I must ensure that I allow time in my classes for collaboration.  I usually try to, but sometimes the class does not go as planned.  I must prepare for each class knowing that I will include collaboration, even if it means starting class that way to review homework or the previous class.  Having students collaborate in the middle of the lesson would also benefit students as they would be able to fill in holes they missed during the presentation of the new material.  Requiring blog posts and responses may be difficult  due to establishing new routines with only two weeks left of school.  However, I can lay groundwork for next year as all of next year’s AP Physics students are in my honors physics class this year.  The actions for my second goals would involve preparing the formative assessments and determining how they will be graded.  I will also need to establish a routine so that I can use the information from the formative assessments in future classes.

Monitoring my progress is the next step in my GAME plan.  I need to ensure that I follow the actions that I layed out.  It will be easy for me to see if I do not follow the plans as these actions involve qualitative measures.  I will have to police myself to make sure I allow time for collaboration.  The same things is true for my use of formative assessments. 

The last step in this process is the Evaluation step.  Ultimately, my students should reap the benefits of this GAME plan, even if they do not realize it at the time.  While I must ensure I follow the steps, students will be the ones to let me know how it is working.  Students may not like to performs certain tasks, but they usually confess to which actions benefit them in their understanding of the concepts.  I should also receive feedback from the quality of the collaboration (in class or online) and the results of the formative assessments.  Ultimately, after a year or two, I would hope to see an increase in AP Exam scores. 

International Society for Technology in Education. (2008). National education standards for teachers (NETS-T). Retrieved from

Monday, December 19, 2011

Course Reflection - EDUC 6711

            During the last seven weeks, we studied several different learning theories and had the opportunity to grow as an educator.  In addition, we studied how integrating technology into these various learning theories can enhance student learning.  I have always felt that, since students learn in different ways, we must learn to incorporate different instructional strategies in our classes.  Having studied the various instructional tools throughout this course, I feel I have a broader range of tools to use in my classroom.  I also feel I have a better grasp on why certain students respond differently to the same instruction.  Trying to reach all learners is a challenge.  As educators, we must constantly evolve so we can continue to offer our students the best opportunity to grow in our classrooms.
            In week one of this course, we developed a personal theory of learning.  In it, I stated that all students have an innate desire to learn.  Students lose focus and motivation when the challenges become too great for them to handle.  Once students have the confidence that they can achieve in the classroom, they are more willing to work hard to battle challenging topics.  In my theory of learning, I also stated that students learn in different ways.  As teachers, we need to vary our instruction so all students can be successful.
            I would like to make some modifications of my personal theory of learning.  I still think students want to learn.  I still think instruction needs to vary to help students.  However, my focus before this class centered on how I delivered instruction to students.  Studying constructionism and connectivism allowed me to understand the power of learning strategies where students learned the concepts on their own with me being more of a facilitator.  Let the kids build a roller coaster to develop an understanding of energy and its conservation.  Let students work together and learn from each other as opposed to everyone learning my way.  With the many technological tools available, the possibilities are endless.  I may be able to learn from students in the same way they learn from me.  If I can learn to let students take on greater responsibility, students will be able to better understand the concepts I am trying to teach them.
            Two tools I would like to incorporate into my classes are Voice Thread and One Note.  I see an extremely high value in using Voice Thread when I know I am going to be out.  Instead of students working out of their textbooks, I could develop a Voice Thread lesson plan to instruct them.  Students would be able to collaborate using Voice Thread to achieve a particular learning goal.  One Note is a tool that I feel also has great potential.  One Note allows for collaborative work, especially in the one-to-one environment.  Even if we do not go to the one-to-one environment, One Note can still be used to have students work cooperatively.  There are many other tools I have learned about during this course.  However, I am a believer that one cannot learn and implement many tools at once.  As I continue to develop my repertoire of instructional skills, I will be able to include more tools into my classroom.
            One long-term goal change I would like to make is to institute a more regular lab/student-centered learning activity using technology.  While I use some of these activities throughout the year, I feel like I can incorporate more.  If I planned out more and preset the dates,  I would be more inclined to do more.  Oftentimes, I get caught up in how much of the curriculum I have covered.  I then have to decide to spend time on a lab or to move on to another topic.  Sometimes, due to time constraints, I choose the latter.  I need to make a better effort to incorporate these activities on a regular basis.
            Another long-term goal I would like to change is to use more collaborative work.  Many students have their own laptops in class.  We are looking to implement a one-to-one program where each student has his own laptop.  Many schools who have already implemented such a program use One Note regularly.  By learning how to use One Note, will be in a position to better incorporate this application in a classroom setting.  By doing this, students will be able to collaborate much easier.  Until we do that, I will have to find other ways of students collaborating.  By having students work together, they can learn from each other.
            There are still many ideas that I would like to implement.  These take time to complete.  However, I am making progress on that front.  In addition, I am a member of the technology committee.  I need to continue bringing ideas to the committee to enhance the learning environment of the school, not just my classroom.  As I develop my skill level in this area, other teachers will be able to do so as well.  This will give our students a better chance of success in the classroom.

Tim Trotta

Sunday, December 4, 2011


Here is the link to my VoiceThread.  I was very dissappointed in the user interface.  I felt it was not very user friendly.  Maybe it takes a few times to get a better feel for the interface.

Tim Trotta

Thursday, December 1, 2011

Connectivism and Social Learning in Practice

Social Learning Theory states that students learn from interacting with each other to build artifacts (Laureate Education, Inc, 2010).  Students sitting idly at their desks listening to lectures are not benefitting them.  Student must be actively engaged in the learning process by interacting with each other.  Students learn a great deal from each other during this interaction.

In Using technology with classroom instruction that works, we learn about cooperative learning.  Cooperative learning does not help students at all unless the strategy is used to enhance student learning.  Using cooperative learning just for the sake of doing so will not provide for the best learning environment.  However, when used effectively, students will learn a great deal.  Technology should be incorporated whenever possible.  Using multimedia, such as creating a video, requires students to work together.  Students may not feel thrilled about the subject material in the class, but having a student be the director of a film could be his forte.  Videos cannot be made without working together. 

Another strategy that is often used is referred to as the jigsaw strategy.  Here, students are responsible for teaching other members of the class who are researching a different topic (Laureate Education, Inc., 2010).  Students form groups with a similar topic and research that topic.  This research can be done in a way that students work together.  Even after the research is complete, the group must form an outline of material they will teach to others.  Then members of this group return to their original groups and teach the rest of the class what they discovered.  This is effective because if forces every single student to teach a topic to somebody else.  I have always felt that teaching a topic to someone else is a great way to understand the topic yourself.

Tim Trotta

Laureate Education, Inc. (Producer). (2010). Social Learning Theories [DVD]. Baltimore, MD:

Pitler, H., Hubbell, E., Kuhn, M., & Malenoski, K. (2007). Using technology with classroom instruction 
             that works. Alexandria, VA: ASCD.